All schools are in session. The Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) and Western Hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) are two species of global conservation importance that are limited to only tropical Asian forests (Fig. However, it’s also edged with sadness – as we’re also calling for the IUCN to immediately confer Endangered status on the Skywalker hoolock gibbon, which faces the same grave and imminent risk to its survival as many other small ape species in southern China and Southeast Asia due to … We conducted a survey of the distribution and population status of the eastern hoolock gibbon Hoolock leuconedys in non-protected fragmented forest areas of the Lower Dibang Valley district of Arunachal Pradesh, India, during September 2010–June 2011. Gibbons: Love is in the air for these tree-dwelling primates, but for the Western Hoolock Gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) there are greater concerns than finding the perfect mate. The Hoolock gibbon is a rare primate and the only species of ape in the Indian sub-continent. While the IUCN categories these gibbons, found in Mishmi Hills and some parts of Sadiya in Assam, as the eastern hoolock gibbon, renowned conservationist Anwaruddin Choudhury identified them as a sub-species of the western hoolock gibbon in 2013. Geissmann, 1995; Rowe, 1996; Marshall & Sugardjito, 1986). Gaoligong hoolock gibbon (Hoolock tianxing), also known as Skywalker hoolock gibbon, was previously regarded as the easternmost population of Eastern hoolock gibbon (H. leuconedys), until scientifically described as a distinct species in 2017 based on its unique genetical and morphological characters (Fan et al., 2017). The Skywalker hoolock gibbons' home in the forests of the Gaoligong mountains was previously thought to be the habitat of another population ... (IUCN) to list the Skywalker gibbon as endangered. Rationalise and restore the existing protected area network and improve protected area management; Develop a framework for wildlife conservation focusing on the gibbon as a flagship species outside protected areas and promote ecologically responsible development; Initiate meta-population management for stray and isolated populations; Promote a knowledge-based approach to conservation and an adaptive framework for wildlife management; Reduce existing anthropogenic pressures, including the illegal trade in wildlife, on natural resources. The genus of hoolock gibbons comprises two previously described living species, the western (Hoolock hoolock) and eastern hoolock (H. leuconedys) gibbons, geographically isolated by the Chindwin River.We assessed the morphological and genetic … The species was listed on Schedule I, the highest schedule, on the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act in 1972. We used part of this count data (22 sites) in our analyses to explore the link between hoolock gibbon numbers and habitat variables, Provide direct technical support to implementing projects engaged with gibbon conservation. of hoolock gibbons for some decades. It is protected under Schedule-I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972, and is listed as ‘Endangered’ by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN). The western hoolock gibbon was designated as one of the top 10 threatened gibbon … The International Union for Conservation of Nature lists the western Hoolock gibbon as Endangered, appearing on the IUCN’s Red List of Threatened Species (IUCN, 2017). The hoolock gibbons are three primate species of genus Hoolock in the gibbon family, Hylobatidae, native to eastern Bangladesh, Northeast India, Myanmar and Southwest China. The genus of hoolock gibbons comprises two previously described living species, the western (Hoolock hoolock) and eastern hoolock (H. leuconedys) gibbons, geographically isolated by the Chindwin River.We assessed the morphological and genetic … An ideal gibbon habitat in Abongo village. The eastern hoolock gibbon (Hoolock leuconedys) is a primate from the gibbon family, Hylobatidae. We used part of this count data (22 sites) in our analyses to explore the link between hoolock gibbon numbers and habitat variables, According the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, the Western Hoolock Gibbon is listed as Endangered, as there is reason to believe the species has declined by at least 50% over the past three generations. Western Hoolock female (Photo: Stock image) Until recently, almost nothing was known about the status of Hoolock Gibbon in Myanmar. Hoolock gibbons threatened with extinction in two manipur districts.Western hoolock gibbons have declined by almost 90% over the last 30 years . The western hoolock gibbon was designated as one of the top 10 threatened gibbon … To save searches and access a historical view of information you have downloaded you are required to register for an account. Mootnick and Groves stated that hoolock gibbons do not belong in the genus Bunopithecus, and placed them in a new genus, Hoolock. The eastern hoolock gibbon (Hoolock leuconedys) inhabits pockets of Arunachal Pradesh and Assam, and southern China and north-east Myanmar; this specie is listed as ‘vulnerable’ in the IUCN list. Western hoolock gibbon ( Hoolock hoolock ) is listed as an endangered mammal in IUCN Red List. We describe a species of Hoolock gibbon (Primates: Hylobatidae) that is new to science from eastern Myanmar and southwestern China. Photo: Udayan Borthakur Most primate species like the hoolock gibbon are only found within the confines of the forest, the capped langurs, however, are found both inside the forest and on the fringes. The IUCN lists all five Malaysian species as Endangered (A2cd) due to habitat loss, degradation, and fragmentation and hunting. Female. About Us; Superintendent’s Message; District Leadership The total population is estimated to stand at more than 10,000 individuals, with a 2013 survey putting the number perhaps as high as 50,000. Mootnick and Groves stated that hoolock gibbons do not belong in the genus Bunopithecus, and placed them in a new genus, Hoolock. Involve communities in conservation efforts. (Image: © Zoological Society of London) In a galaxy not so far way, there's a new Skywalker in town. All hoolock gibbons in each site were located and counted. The species’ populations have been declining due to habitat destruction of various forms and hunting for meat. Eastern hoolock gibbon: It inhabits specific pockets of Arunachal Pradesh and Assam in India, and in southern China and north-east Myanmar outside India. Promote local capacity, conservation education and awareness; and. Measuring Recovery with the IUCN Green Status of Species. This species is Endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. The western hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) is a primate from the gibbon family, Hylobatidae. Hoolock gibbons are about 32 inches tall, have no tail, and, depending on the sex, weigh an average of 13 pounds (female) or 15 pounds (male), … Geographically, the natural range pf Hoolock gibbons extends east to the Salween River and west to the Brahmaputra River. Global ... For UPSC IUCN status is important. Male . ii The Conservation Status of Hoolock Gibbons in Myanmar Suggested citation: Geissmann, T., Grindley, M. E., Ngwe Lwin, Saw Soe Aung, Thet Naing Aung, Saw Blaw Htoo, and Momberg, F. (2013). Small apes are frugivores that are dependent on the closed-canopy forest for their diets and locomotion, and are strictly territorial, so they are particularly vulnerable to … Areas with larger hoolock gibbon populations (>15 individuals) were visited repeatedly and for a minimum of 5 d of counting periods to ensure a total count. Strengthen coordination among gibbon conservation projects worldwide including zoos; Increase awareness of scientifically-sound practice in gibbon conservation; Provide IUCN-endorsed guidelines to conservationists, field scientists and decision makers; Develop Conservation Action Plans that clarify priorities in gibbon conservation for practitioners, decision makers and donors; Ensure that The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. A male Skywalker hoolock gibbon. Our District. "Hoolock" of "Voolock" was de inheemse naam voor de soort. It is categorized as Endangered on the IUCN Red List. Hoolock gibbons are typically monogamous, living in mating pairs with offspring (Siddiqi 1986; Choudhury 1991; Gupta et al. Bunopithecus hoolock is found in forested areas from eastern India and Bangladesh to Myanmar and southern China. Species threat status is taken from the IUCN Red List of endangered species, available at www.iucnredlist.org At the time of the … Gibbons: Love is in the air for these tree-dwelling primates, but for the Western Hoolock Gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) there are greater concerns than finding the perfect mate. Like other gibbons, hoolock gibbon pairs produce a loud, elaborate song, usually sung as a duet from the forest canopy, in which younger individuals of the family group may join in. 1; IUCN., 2014).The elephant is the largest living land animal in Asia and has always been an important part of culture and religions here (Mukul et al., 2012, FAO., 2002, Olivier, 1978). The conservation status of hoolock gibbons in With long and slender arms, hoolock gibbons are swift creatures, barely needing to step on the ground. Conservation Status of Hoolock Gibbon (Bunopithecus hoolock) in Meghalaya About Hoolock Gibbon The forests of north-east India support the highest diversity of primates in India, including the only apes found in the country, the western hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) and the eastern hoolock gibbon (Hoolock leuconedys). and monoculture of Tectona grandis. © International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Hoolock Gibbon and Biodiversity Survey, Karen State 4 Saw Blaw Htoo & Grindley (2010) ii. The western hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) is a primate from the Hylobatidae (gibbon) family. This species has 38 chromosomes and sing a duet. This 688.88 ha forest beat of Rangamati South Forest Division consists of 617.81 ha natural vegetation of Bursera serrata, Ficus sp., Syzygium grandis, Terminalia belerica, Garuga pinnata, Phyllanthus emblica; 71.47 ha mixed plantation of Shorea robusta, Hopea odorata etc. Of the two, the Western Hoolock is listed as Vulnerable in the IUCN RedList, while the Eastern Hoolock is listed as Endangered. In general, hoolock gibbon habitats are tropical with wet, hot summers with monsoon rains and dry cool winters. The following statement was read by Dr Jane Smart, Global Director of the Biodiversity Conservation Group and Director of the Global Species Programme at IUCN, at the fifth Anniversary Celebration of International Gibbon Day on Saturday 24 October 2020. However, it’s also edged with sadness – as we’re also calling for the IUCN to immediately confer Endangered status on the Skywalker hoolock gibbon, which faces the same grave and imminent risk to its survival as many other small ape species in southern China … The species is found in Assam, Bangladesh and in Myanmar west of the Chindwin River. Traditionally, the hoolock has been considered being a member of the genus Hylobates and the monotypic representant of a distinct subgenus (e.g. This forest beat of Kaptai Range is mostly bisected by the flow of Karnafuli River into Rampahar and Sitapahar blocks. PDF | On Nov 20, 2017, Alexander Nater and others published Morphometric, Behavioral, and Genomic Evidence for a New Orangutan Species | Find, read and cite all … PRELIMS BOOSTER 2018 Hoolock gibbons and United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) Hoolock gibbons primate species of genus Hoolock Endangered — IUCN CITES Appendix I schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act of 1972 State Animal of Arunachal Pradesh Habitat Primarily forest dweller inhabits tropical evergreen rainforests, tropical evergreen and semi … It is one of three species of hoolock gibbon. Hoolock Gibbon. Mating occurs during the summer rainy season with births during the winter, usually between September and January (McCann 1933; Alfred 1992; Tilson 1979; Choudhury 1990; Alfred 1992; Ahsan 2001). WESTERN HOOLOCK GIBBON Hoolock hoolock . For example, in Assam, India, the annual temperature usually ranges between 7°C (44.6°F) and 32°C (89.6°F) (Choudhury 2000). 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