The early white spring flowers, outstanding orange-red fall color, and striking gray bark make it a lovely specimen for any landscape. Downy Serviceberry. This is also helpful for picking the berries before the birds get them. The native downy serviceberry produces a small red fruit edible for people and wildlife. Serviceberries are not overly sensitive to soil type but prefer a pH of 6.0 to 7.8. For more information on food preservation check out the upcoming Fill Your Pantry webinar series (https://illinois.zoom.us/meeting/register/tJ0uf-2grjotH9a3CtIIWzlfEpNMdaiwmqmG). Downy Serviceberry, Amelanchier arborea, also called Downy Juneberry, is a deciduous, early-flowering, large shrub or small tree which typically grows 15-25 feet tall in cultivation but can reach 40 feet in the wild. ‘Robin Hill’):  20 to 25 feet high and 12 to 15 feet wide ; upright-oval habit, red to yellow fall color. If you are growing this tree to attract wildlife this is not a problem, it is a blessing. Serviceberries (Amelanchier spp.) Growing Serviceberry for Fruit and Beauty April 7, 2020 7:25 pm The summer fruits of serviceberry are tart and sweet.. Well-loved plants tend to collect lots of descriptive common names. You can freeze services berries for use in smoothies or pies (https://nchfp.uga.edu/how/freeze.html). When leaves first appear, they are fuzzy, before transforming to yellow, red, and orange leaves in fall. Irrigate when the top 3 or 4 inches (7.5-10 cm.) Other notes. have amassed quite a few, including Juneberry, shadbush, shadblow, May cherry, servicetree, and sarvisberry. orioles) eat the fruit of Amelanchier species. A member of the genus Amelanchier, serviceberries reward homeowners with a spectacular display of showy white flowers that look like lilacs in the spring, attractive fall foliage and pretty gray bark. Habitat. Serviceberry (Amelanchierspp.) Downy serviceberry is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 9. Edible fruit/nut tree? It can be eaten out of hand, used in pies, preserves etc or dried and used like raisins[183]. Edible fruit Fragrance Shade Wildlife Food Source Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems): Mildly resistant to deer damage Edibility: Tasty fruits, similar in flavor to blueberries, edible raw or cooked. Jul 10, 2014 - These small delicious blueberry like fruits are on a Downy Serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea) tree. Autumn Brilliance apple serviceberry (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Autumn Brilliance’):  20 to 25 feet high and wide;  red fall color. There’s a lot of overlap and interbreeding, along with variation within species. Shadblow serviceberry (Amelanchier canadensis) grows 6 to 30 feet in height. The ample flowers and pollen resources attract pollinators in the spring. have amassed quite a few, including Juneberry, shadbush, shadblow, May cherry, servicetree, and sarvisberry. KEY CHARACTERISTICS OF DOWNY SERVICEBERRY White blooms in early spring attract pollinators and provide a pop against bare branches. They are all edible although, with local conditions such as soil and weather dictating their exact taste and juiciness. Trees and shrubs can be planted in the spring or the fall. Recently I picked several fruits to eat with cereal and freeze for smoothies. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. In fall expect to see the leaves transition to a beautiful hue of Yellow, orange and red. Serviceberries, also known at Juneberries or Saskatoon, are native to Illinois and many of our neighboring states. Introduction: Downy serviceberry is one of the largest serviceberries, growing up to 30 feet tall.It can grow into a single or multistemmed plant. You should always wash your produce well before consuming it. Serviceberries enjoy just enough water to keep the soil moist but not saturated. Introducing the serviceberry, a beautiful landscape tree or shrub suitable in much of North America, to the edible landscape. If you want a shrub, leave several branches coming from the base; if you want a tree trim all of the branches around the base except for one, this will become your tree trunk. ‘Autumn Brilliance’):  20 to 25 feet high and wide;  red fall color. There are several cultivars that have been bred to accentuate these various features. Plant trees 9 feet (2.5 m.) apart as a hedgerow for serviceberry fruit production. Small dark red fruit follows in summer. The berries change from green, to pink, to red, and then a dark purple when they are fully ripe. On most, the berries are sweet and juicy, some (like the Downy Serviceberry) the fruit is dry and tasteless. On most, the berries are sweet and juicy, some (like the Downy Serviceberry) the fruit is dry and tasteless. The red or dark purple fruit are typically sweet and juicy, although some, like Amelanchier arborea are drier and don’t have as much flavour. YES. Throughout the summer the serviceberry has beautiful full medium sided simple leaves. I often see them growing along streams and rivers. - 25 ft. 0 in. On most, the berries are sweet and juicy, some (like the Downy Serviceberry) the fruit is dry and tasteless. Serviceberries are trees or bushes, depending on cultivar, with a beautiful natural shape and edible fruit. Fragrant white flowers open in mid-spring, followed by red-purple fruit. It starts out green, turns red, then blue-black in June. https://thelandconnection.org/blog/edible-native-landscaping-serviceberry Forest Prince apple serviceberry  (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Forest Prince’):  20 feet high and 15 feet wide;  oval habit and red-orange fall color. All of them have small, elliptical leaves with fine teeth along the edges. Because service berries are native they don’t have many insect pressures or diseases a healthy tree can’t fight through. Native. Serviceberries are beautiful native trees with tasty edible fruit. Smooth bark has "stretch marks," adding to visual interest all year. Since the serviceberry can be a shrub or a small tree you need to have your end shape in mind from the very start. I often see them growing along streams and rivers. For jam making, it is always good to have some of the fruit be under-ripe because underripe fruit has more pectin. Occurs most often in open rocky woods, wooded slopes, and bluffs. - 25 ft. 0 in. Check out this YouTube video for more on tree pruning (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_2ZwfqMCT0E). layer of mulch around the plant to help with moisture retention and to add a decorative effect. Serviceberry (Amelanchier sp. of soil feels dry. The flowers are white, fragrant and followed by red-purple fruit. Recently I picked several fruits to eat with cereal and freeze for smoothies. One of the great bonuses of this member of the Rose family is that it does not have thorns. Serviceberries are beautiful native trees with tasty edible fruit. Since the serviceberry can be a shrub or a small tree you need to have your end shape in mind from the very start. Serviceberries require pruning yearly; late winter or early spring is best before the new leaves appear. If you are growing this tree for a food source for yourself, you will want to keep a close eye on the berries ripening and harvest them quickly. One of the great bonuses of this member of the Rose family is that it does not have thorns. ‘Cole’s Select’): 20 feet high and 15 feet wide; upright, spreading habit; orange-red fall color; thick, glossy summer foliage. Native to Canada. Powdery mildew, rust and leaf spot may also occur. At this point in the year (beginning of June) I would recommend waiting for fall to plant new trees or shrubs. Leaving some old growth is important, as the flowers form on old wood. They do tolerate pruning so you can use several planted together to form a living shrub fence or prune into a tree shape as a single small tree. Trees and shrubs should be pruned in later winter (February and early March) before they start to form new leaves. Even though serviceberry species vary in size and form, most of them share a few characteristics. The serviceberry is in the rose family so it can suffer from the same type of problems as roses do. These leaves change to a brilliant gold to red in the fall. Downy Serviceberry. Like downy serviceberry, its bark is gray and striped, but it holds its flower clusters more upright. Serviceberries (Amelanchier spp.) The Common serviceberry or the downy serviceberry produces larger fruit. Range map for Downy Serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea). The fruit contains a few small seeds at the centre, it has a sweet flavour with a hint of apple[1, 2]. No … With proper conditions they will produce Fruits that are edible to humans. Be sure to dispose of infected limbs properly; don’t put them in the compost pile. No information available. There are several different varieties of serviceberry with variations in height, fruit ripening time, and fall color. Known also as the Common Serviceberry. A slightly smaller tree, this serviceberry has similar features to the downy serviceberry. The most flavorful amelanchier is the Saskatoon serviceberry (A. alnifolia). These plants are hardy from zone 4 to 9. Downy Serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea). Serviceberries can be eaten raw; in my opinion, they taste a bit like a pear. 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For jam making, it is always good to have some of the fruit be under-ripe because underripe fruit has more pectin. There are a number of these trees located on the edge of Mayer Mall alongside of Van Munching Hall at the University of Maryland. Mammals that either eat the fruit or browse the twigs and leaves of downy serviceberry include squirrels, rabbits, chipmunks, mice, voles, foxes, black bears, deer, and elk. To avoid serious problems with insects and disease, keep your serviceberry as healthy as possible. The edible fruit is drier than some other serviceberries, and it is harvested locally for pies and jams, and has been known to be used for wine; they were also used by Native Americans to make bread. Serviceberry (Amelanchier sp. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Place a 2-inch (5 cm.) Delicate clusters of white flowers are some of the first to appear in the spring, then plumy-red leaf buds unfurl into fuzzy roundedfoliage. All are edible, none are poisonous, so if you know it is a Serviceberry, you can try the berry. The best time to apply mulch is in the early spring. Some people think it tastes like blueberries, and they are also a bird favorite. The edible purplish-black fruit in late summer is attractive to many birds. ), also called Juneberry, are native here. The summer can stress the tree in long stretches of no rainfall. Noteworthy Characteristics. You should always wash your produce well before consuming it. In general when pruning you want to start by removing broken or dead branches, then remove unwanted base shoots and branches along the bottom main stem (if growing a tree), and then step back and make your final cuts to create the shape, size, and thickness desired. The Downy Serviceberry has silvery fuzzy buds in late winter. Some people, such as Maritimers, call them shadbush which points to their blooms coming at the same time as the run of an Atlantic coast shad fish. Downy Serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea) – One of the first plants to burst into bloom each year, this small woody tree gets its name from the downy silvery-colored leaves.The “serviceberry” refers to the Appalachian tradition of honoring memorial services for the dead in January at the same time the serviceberry blooms in clouds of tiny white flowers. ‘Princess Diana’):   20 to 25 feet high and 15 to 20 feet wide; upright habit, excellent red fall color. Let’s learn more about the care of serviceberries in the landscape. Dimensions: Height: 15 ft. 0 in. Fall is also the time of year plants put energy into their root system growth so this is perfect for establishing new plants. https://extension.illinois.edu/blogs/good-growing/2016-03-30-plant-tree, https://www.mortonarb.org/trees-plants/tree-and-plant-advice/horticulture-care/fall-planting-trees-and-shrubs, Trees and shrubs should be pruned in later winter (February and early March) before they start to form new leaves. The fruit has a few small seeds at the centre, some forms are dry and tasteless[11, 177, 227] whilst others are sweet and juicy[183, 227]. Nets are often used to protect fruit from hungry birds. The fruit ripens unevenly over a period of 2 - 3 weeks and is very attractive to birds, this makes harvesting them … While all serviceberry fruit is edible, the tastiest fruit is found on the Saskatoon variety. This is also helpful for picking the berries before the birds get them. Sam Bahr, photographer Filed Under: Blog Tagged With: Fruit, Native Plants, Native Species, Serviceberry, 206 North Randolph Street, Suite 400 - Champaign, Illinois 61820 217-840-2128. The fruits taste similar to blueberry – they are eaten fresh or cooked in pastries or puddings. (https://extension.illinois.edu/blogs/good-growing/2016-03-30-plant-tree ; https://www.mortonarb.org/trees-plants/tree-and-plant-advice/horticulture-care/fall-planting-trees-and-shrubs). Do not allow the mulch to touch the trunk of the tree. These become sweetly fragrant white blooms in the spring (April). Latin (scientific) name: Amelanchier arborea. All are edible, none are poisonous, so if you know it is a Serviceberry, you can try the berry. Serviceberries, also known at Juneberries or Saskatoon, are native to Illinois and many of our neighboring states. If you have newly planted trees (3-5 years) be sure to water your trees during the drier times of the year. Fall planted trees (September-October) will have time to take up water and establish before winter. The flowers last only a few days and give way to juicy berries that resemble blueberries in size, color and flavor. The tree averages 25 feet in height and 30 feet in width. Its berries are dark blue or nearly black when they are ripe. In my experience, there are plenty of berries to feed myself and still leave a lot for the birds. Allegheny serviceberry is a small native understory tree with four-season interest. Introduction: Downy serviceberry is one of the largest serviceberries, growing up to 30 feet tall.It can grow into a single or multistemmed plant. Width: 15 ft. 0 in. The Downy Serviceberry does well or is tolerant in Moist, Well-Drained Acidic, Alkaline, Clay, Loamy soil. Edible fruit - raw or cooked[101, 227]. Growing Serviceberry for Fruit and Beauty April 7, 2020 7:25 pm The summer fruits of serviceberry are tart and sweet.. Well-loved plants tend to collect lots of descriptive common names. Serviceberry fruit is delicious straight from the tree and can be used any way you’d use blueberries: smoothies, cobblers, pies, muffins, pancakes, jellies, jams, and ice cream. Harvested serviceberry fruit can be a delightful treat and growing serviceberry trees is easy to do. In fall expect to see the leaves transition to a beautiful hue of Yellow, orange and red. Organic fertilizer applied around the drip line in six week intervals during the growing season will keep growing serviceberry trees looking their best. One of the great bonuses of this member of the Rose family is that it does not have thorns. The Downy Serviceberry (. ) Amelanchier alnifolia, the saskatoon, Pacific serviceberry, western serviceberry, alder-leaf shadbush, dwarf shadbush, chuckley pear, or western juneberry, is a shrub with edible berry-like fruit, native to North America from Alaska across most of western Canada and in the western and north-central United States.Historically, it was also called pigeon berry. Trees planted in humid climates will require less water than those in dry climates. ‘Forest Prince’):  20 feet high and 15 feet wide;  oval habit and red-orange fall color. A. laevis (Allegheny serviceberry). The fruit is good to eat but is not as juicy as some (drier). However, its fruit turns purplish-black at maturity and are also quite delicious. Edible Parts: Fruit Edible Uses: Edible fruit - raw or cooked[3, 55, 101, 159]. There are several different varieties of serviceberry with variations in height, fruit ripening time, and fall color. And don’t forget sorbet, pudding, wine, fruit leather, or syrup. The flowers are white, fragrant and followed by red-purple fruit. In general when pruning you want to start by removing broken or dead branches, then remove unwanted base shoots and branches along the bottom main stem (if growing a tree), and then step back and make your final cuts to create the shape, size, and thickness desired. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. When the berries start to ripen the birds will eat the berries. Names. Making it a cold and heat hardy serviceberry. Tolerates a wide range of conditions. Reaching from six to twenty feet (2-6 m.) or more at maturity, serviceberries grow in United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) growing zones 2 through 9. Planting in the spring will give the trees a lot of rainfall and time to get settled before the heat of the summer hits. PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State. by Erin Harper, University of Illinois Extension. They do tolerate pruning so you can use several planted together to form a living shrub fence or prune into a tree shape as a single small tree. This Missouri native tree offers edible small berry-like fruit, usually quickly eaten by birds, that changes color throughout the seasons. Most species bloom in spring with five-petaled, white flowers. With proper conditions they will produce Fruits that are edible to humans. Although they will grow well in both part shade and full sun, planting in full sun is recommended if you want the best tasting and largest harvest of fruit. Good for baked goods and jams. Princess Diana apple serviceberry  (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Princess Diana’):   20 to 25 feet high and 15 to 20 feet wide; upright habit, excellent red fall color. Serviceberry provides year-round interest in white spring flowers, yellow to red fall foliage, smooth gray bark, and edible purple fruit. Amelanchier arborea, or Serviceberry, is a deciduous tree that typically grows 15 to 25 feet tall with a narrow, rounded form; however, it can reach heights of 40' in the wild.The trunk can range from 6 inches for a small tree to 18 inches. all serviceberry fruit is edible, the tastiest fruit is found on the Saskatoon variety. Usually, the birds beat me to the fruit, but this year my tree has such a large crop that I was able to share. Fruit: Showy, Edible Tolerate: Clay Soil. ), also called Juneberry, are native here. Care of serviceberries planted in sandy soils requires more frequent watering, as it drains quicker than loamy soil. Inspect the tree for deadwood, diseased wood and crossed branches. Phonetic Spelling am-uh-LAN-kee-er ar-bor-EE-ah Description. And this lovely tree leaves you with a nice silvery gray bark for the winter months. Be on the lookout for Japanese beetles, spider mites, aphids and leaf miners, as well as borers. Like other members of the species, it can be pruned to a small tree with a … You can also can the berries in juice, syrup, or water or make jam with the berries (https://nchfp.uga.edu/publications/usda/GUIDE02_HomeCan_rev0715.pdf). The Downy Serviceberry does well or is tolerant in Moist, Well-Drained Acidic, Alkaline, Clay, Loamy soil. https://thelandconnection.org/blog/edible-native-landscaping-serviceberry Others are better fresh. The Downy Serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea) is a large shrub or small tree which reaches 15-20 feet in height. They are not salt tolerant so planting too close to a driveway, sidewalk, or road can cause stress to the shrub or tree. If you want a shrub, leave several branches coming from the base; if you want a tree trim all of the branches around the base except for one, this will become your tree trunk. Serviceberry is considered a derivative of sarvisberry, which in turn comes from a Latin word for a European tree with similar-looking fruit. You can also can the berries in juice, syrup, or water or make jam with the berries (, https://nchfp.uga.edu/publications/usda/GUIDE02_HomeCan_rev0715.pdf, ). Tolerates most soils, use in woodland areas or native plant gardens. The berries begin to take shape through May and ripen in late spring to early summer (June). The classification of serviceberries is actually a bit confusing, and even botanists will disagree on exact species names. Sign up for our newsletter. is a small deciduous tree or shrub with attractive white spring blossoms, that provides year-round interest in the landscape, as well as producing edible fruits. Usually, the birds beat me to the fruit, but this year my tree has such a large crop that I was able to share. You can freeze services berries for use in smoothies or pies (, ). This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Other names: French name: Amélanchier arborescent. Birds will be your biggest problem. In fall expect to see the leaves transition to a beautiful hue of Yellow, orange and red. With proper conditions they will produce Fruits that are edible to humans. Plants benefit from a mulch layer to conserve moisture and moderate soil temperatures. The early summer berries are edible by both humans and wildlife. is a large shrub or small tree which reaches 15-20 feet in height. Fall colour ranges from orange to rust. June berries are prized by wildlife and edible by humans. Use clean and sharp pruners to remove just what is necessary. Well, Downy serviceberry is that plant. Recently I picked several fruits to eat with cereal and freeze for smoothies. The entire Province/State is coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs. All are edible, none are poisonous, so if you know it is a Serviceberry, you can try the berry. Status. Cole’s Select apple serviceberry (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Cole’s Select’): 20 feet high and 15 feet wide; upright, spreading habit; orange-red fall color; thick, glossy summer foliage. For more information on food preservation check out the upcoming Fill Your Pantry webinar series (, https://illinois.zoom.us/meeting/register/tJ0uf-2grjotH9a3CtIIWzlfEpNMdaiwmqmG. Robin Hill apple serviceberry   (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Robin Hill’):  20 to 25 feet high and 12 to 15 feet wide ; upright-oval habit, red to yellow fall color. Serviceberries are beautiful native trees with tasty edible fruit. They also perform best in soil that is lighter and not loaded with clay, as this prevents adequate drainage. Amelanchier arborea, commonly called downy serviceberry, is a deciduous, early-flowering, large shrub or small tree which typically grows 15-25' tall in cultivation but can reach 40' in the wild.A Missouri native plant that occurs most often in open rocky woods, wooded slopes, and bluffs. Check out this YouTube video for more on tree pruning (, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_2ZwfqMCT0E, Serviceberries can be eaten raw; in my opinion, they taste a bit like a pear. The Downy Serviceberry does well or is tolerant in Moist, Well-Drained Acidic, Alkaline, Clay, Loamy soil. No matter what you call them, trees and shrubs of the … Also called juneberries or Saskatoon berries, several serviceberry species are native to Minnesota and other parts of the United States. Amelanchier arborea, commonly called downy serviceberry, is a deciduous, early-flowering, large shrub or small tree which typically grows 15-25' tall in cultivation but can reach 40' in the wild.A Missouri native plant that occurs most often in open rocky woods, wooded slopes, and bluffs. The plants are slightly different, as are the fruit, but as a whole, they’re all pretty similar wild edible berries. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Description: Plant Size: Generally … Noteworthy Characteristics. Common English name: Downy serviceberry. These tend to grow to a large shrub size with lots of purple edible berries that are similar to blueberries. Arbor walk #40. Keep up to get settled before the new leaves North America, to pink, to the Downy serviceberry Amelanchier... Well-Drained Acidic, Alkaline, Clay, Loamy soil growing conditions and other parts the! Soil Moist but not saturated: 20 to 25 feet in height ( 2.5 m. ) apart a... When the berries start to form new leaves appear pastries or puddings watering, as the are... Also called Juneberries or Saskatoon, are native here be pruned to a large shrub or a small tree reaches! Vary in size and form, most of them have small, elliptical leaves with fine along..., edible Tolerate: Clay soil sign up to date with all that 's in. Top 3 or 4 inches ( 7.5-10 cm. also the time of year put! With fine teeth along the edges are some of the fruit is dry and tasteless before! Hardy from zone 4 to 9 and many of our neighboring states some people think it tastes blueberries! The ample flowers and pollen resources attract pollinators in the early spring is best before heat! The is downy serviceberry fruit edible season will keep growing serviceberry trees looking their best have small elliptical. And this lovely tree leaves you with a beautiful hue is downy serviceberry fruit edible Yellow orange. 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The fruits taste similar to blueberries Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through....

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