Since the Korean verb for "to shine" or "to be bright" is spelled B-A-R-G in hangeul characters, his last name became Bak. [16], Approximately 18 clans were founded by people of various ethnicities from the Yuan dynasty accompanying Mongol princesses who came to Goryeo to marry Korean kings. Korea is a small peninsula located between China and Japan. Korean for Foreigners +34 915 231 806. libreria@aprendecoreanohoy.com. "[11] Many scholars came from China during the Western and Eastern Jin, Northern and Southern dynasties, Sui, and Tang periods. In this case, Gyeongju and Gimhae are the respective bon-gwan of these clans. This ended Japan’s 35 year rule of Korea. A yangban clan were considered the nobility of Joseon. By 200 AD, the Chinese Han court had received envoys from as many as 30 clans from northern Kyushu through their offices on the Korean peninsula. The following list of surnames and clans is based on the 2000 A.D. South Korean census published by the Korean National Statistical Office. But not even all those who are Kims by inheritance are the same. Even within each clan, people in different families are not related to each other. Different family names sharing the same bon-gwan sometimes trace their origin to a common paternal ancestor, e.g. [13], According to Park Cheol-hee of Gyeongin National University of Education, 238,000 immigrants naturalized during the Goryeo period. Yi Won, who taught Choe Museon how to manufacture gunpowder, came from Jiangnan, China. Korean Last Names [17] Many Jurchens and Manchus immigrated to Korea and established clans, according to Goryeo and Joseon records, but in modern times only one clan continues to claim Jurchen ancestry. After centuries of considerable foreign influence in China, a growing resentment against foreign culture, particularly among the literate classes, increasingly took hold. [18] Records from the History of Goryeo and the Annals of the Joseon Dynasty reveal that Japanese immigrants became naturalized in 999, 1012, 1039, 1425, 1426, and 1435; they were bestowed Korean clan names, but most of them have been lost. Menu. Others, like the heavy-industries-focused Doosan Group, trace it … Home; News. Bon-gwan are used to distinguish different lineages that bear the same family name. [3] Korean clans originating from the Song, Yuan and Ming dynasties that immigrated during the Goryeo period have ample details to support a Chinese origin, unlike pre-Goryeo clans. ... As infighting increased through the following century, so did the need to defend Japan from foreign invaders. Since Korea has been traditionally a Confucian country, this clan system is similar to ancient Chinese distinction of clan names or xing (姓) and lineage names or shi (氏). Han continues that 100 years ago, only 15 to 20 percent of Koreans were registered in genealogy books, but today genealogy books have become completely ubiquitous. The most common last name in South Korea is Kim. Other unfortunate transliterations of local names include the likes of Goh In-mee, Young Bum-suk, Lee Ki-beom, and Yoo Soo-me. A basic unit of the Korean traditional kinship system is the clan, or bongwan, a group whose surname signifies a common geographical origin. [3] However, in exceptional circumstances, adoptive parents can change an adopted child’s family name for the adopted child's welfare. Most Kims belong to one of a few very large clans. [10], According to Jin Guanlin, "It can be said that from the end of the Chinese Warring States period to the Northern and Southern Dynasties, many Chinese moved to Manchuria and the Korean peninsula, blended among the indigenous people, and over time forgot about their Chinese origins. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Clans of Korea Subcategories. He was said to be hatched from an egg and when the egg shell cracked, there were rays of light that came from it. They did share some customs and aspects of their northern neighbors, the Koguryo, but never went further than being a tribal society. The ancestral origins of many Korean clan names of foreign origin cannot be historically verified outside of a clan's own genealogical records: the ones from the Joseon period, as well as several from the Goryeo period, can be considered historical and factual, but the ones dating before the Goryeo period are impossible to confirm. [3] In this case, the adoptive parents must visit a family court to request permission to change the family name. Commoners often chose the names of lofty clans like the Kims, the Lees, or the Parks. [5], In South Korea, there are a total of 286 Korean family names, roughly half of which are of foreign origin (mostly Chinese), and 4,179 clan names (bon-gwan). The Qing dynasty was central to East and Southeast Asian history and leadership during its reign, which started when Manchus clans defeated the last of the Ming rulers and claimed control of imperial China. [13] There was little immigration from China during the first half of the Joseon period, but many Han Chinese settled in Korea during the Imjin War as well as during the fall of Ming. Although some sources indicate that there are 270 Pak clans, only 44 of these can be documented. Bon-gwan is the concept of clan in Korea, which is used to distinguish clans that happen to … In 1910, Korea was annexed by Imperial Japan. [3], Type of kinship clan organization in Korean culture, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The law of Family name and Bon-gwan(adoptive child)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bon-gwan&oldid=984664972, Articles with dead external links from June 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Wikipedia articles needing rewrite from October 2014, Wikipedia articles with style issues from October 2014, Articles needing additional references from November 2013, All articles needing additional references, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 October 2020, at 11:01. Articles; Videos; Health. clans of foreign origin from the late Goryeo and Joseon periods) are rare and their member numbers are relatively low; the most populous and widely propagated family names and clan names in Korea are indigenous. Some sungs are mixtures where some origins of the clans are from China, while others from Korea. All Korean surnames have a Chinese character, and all Koreans are descent members of a clan, with several clans bearing the same surname. [3][4] This phenomenon of linking clans to a progenitor of Chinese origin without any historical basis continued into the Joseon period. Login Sign Up . However, a bon-gwan isn't treated as a part of a Korean person's name. [12] Large-scale immigration from China diminished greatly during the Later Silla period, but resumed during the Goryeo period by people escaping turmoil in China. [6] Out of the 286 Korean family names, the top 10 account for 64.1 percent of the population of South Korea: of those 10, three lay claim to a progenitor of Chinese origin, and account for 5.8 percent of the population. A lot of chaebols trace their origin back to the period of Japanese occupation of South Korea, which lasted from 1910 to 1945. It would not be very long before they became one society. [19], Learn how and when to remove this template message, Gyeongin National University of Education, "다문화 교육의 관점에 기초한 초등 사회ㆍ도덕 교과서 내용에 대한 비판적 고찰 (A Critical Study on the Content of Elementary Social and Moral Textbooks Based on the Viewpoint of Multicultural Education)", "A Comparison of the Korean and Japanese Approaches to Foreign Family Names", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Korean_clan_names_of_foreign_origin&oldid=992923142, Wikipedia articles needing reorganization from October 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 20:51. The Okchowere a small clan that settled on the northeastern coast of Korea. The Pak clans claim no founding ancestors from foreign lands. Clan will have its own family history and genealogical record ( JokBo, 족보 ) ''! As they rose to power were considered the nobility of Joseon sometimes trace their origin to common... 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